The Biodynamic Pioneers

Rudolf Steiner [1854-1925] presented the lectures that comprised “The Agriculture Course” in the last year of his life. For almost 40 years the text of the lectures was held close by a circle of anthroposophist/farmers [Anthroposophy is the term given to the organization devoted to Steiner’s vast philosophical and practical work]. The newest edition of the lectures is called “Spiritual Foundations for the Renewal of Agriculture,” translated by Catherine Creeger and Malcolm Gardner, edited by Malcolm Gardner, 1993, Biodynamic Farming and Gardening Association.

Ehrenfried E. Pfeiffer… it was his walking stick Rudolf Steiner used to demonstrate the “Biodynamic” way of stirring, with horn manure preparation Pfeiffer and others buried six months earlier. This was before the Agriculture Course was held in 1924. He was the first, to our knowledge to bring Steiner’s agricultural work to the U.S.

Karl Koenig, MD brought several young Steiner students to Scotland at the beginning of WWII and founded the Camphill movement, now about 100 schools and villages devoted to curative education and social therapy for people with special needs.

Lily Kolisko [1889-1976] was entrusted with studying all the scientific implications of the Agriculture Course, notably “the smallest entities, the highest dilutions,” i.e., homeopatic doses of the Biodynamic preparations and their effects on soil and plant growth.

Eugen Kolisko [1893-1939] collaborated with his wife Lily in their work on Steiner’s ideas in Switzerland. He was also a teacher and writer. They came to England in 1936 and Eugen died in 1939.

Viktor Schauberger [1885-1958] Austrian forester, observer of living energies, inventor. He taught that “Today’s science thinks too primitively; indeed it could be said that its thinking is an octave too low. It has still not ventured far enough into the realm of energy, and its attitude has remained purely materialistic.

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